Type of Conservation Designations
Site of Special Scientific interest (SSSI)
SSSIs are the most important sites for Wales’ natural heritage. They are highly protected to safeguard the range, quality and variety of habitats, species and geological features in all parts of Wales. They are the cornerstones of conservation work, protecting the core of our natural heritage.
There are more than 1,000 SSSIs in Wales, covering about 12% of the country’s surface area.
- Forest Ganol
- Cwm Nofydd
Special Area of Conservation (SAC)
The SAC designation provides another level of protection for sites that are also SSSIs. The Welsh Assembly Government, through Natural Resources Wales is responsible to the European Union for ensuring that SACs remain in a condition favourable to the important habitats and species for which they have been designated.
Site of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINC)
These are locally important sites that are of high biodiversity value because of the habitats and species present. Although they are not legally protected, these sites will be of substantial nature conservation value and have an important role to play in meeting biodiversity targets and contributing to landscape-scale benefits for wild fauna and flora.